15. Heater and air conditioner
The system of heating consists of the fan and the heat exchanger located in the case of a heater, with the hoses connecting the heat exchanger to system of cooling of the engine, and the handle of management of air heater/central air on the dashboard. The hot cooler of the engine circulates through heat exchanger galleries in engine operating time. At inclusion of a heater the zaslonka which directs air via the heat exchanger opens, and then warm air arrives in car salon. The fan switch on the handle of management turns on the motor of the supercharger which strengthens the stream of air passing through the heat exchanger, giving thus an additional exit of heat, for example, for humidity reduction in salon, etc.
The structure of central air of air includes the condenser established before a radiator, the evaporator located in the neighbourhood with the heat exchanger of a heater, the compressor fixed on the block of the engine, the accumulator-degidrator which includes a safety valve of a high pressure, and also the fittings connecting among themselves all listed components.
The fan of a heater banishes warm air from car salon via the evaporator heat exchanger (working by a principle, the return to radiator work) where there is a transfer of heat of air to a system coolant. The liquid coolant thus begins to boil, evaporating low pressure, and takes away with itself warmth, leaving the evaporator.