11.1.1. General information
Here the steering mechanism with hydrostrengthening, with circulating balls which operates forward wheels through the steering drive consisting of a steering soshka, the pendular lever, the central steering draft, pair of internal steering drafts and two tips of steering drafts is used.
At hydrostrengthening inclusion pressure from the pump operated by the engine, directs liquid on the reechny steering mechanism or the steering mechanism with a circulating ball is improves controllability and reduces the effort necessary for driving.
The system of a steering does not demand special leaving, except for check of level of liquid and in need of its dolivka in the hydrostrengthening mechanism, and also check of a tension of a driving belt (where it is available, see. Head Routine maintenance of the car). However after long operation of the car hinges of tips of steering drafts, kardanny hinges on both ends of a shaft of a steering column and the flexible coupling between a steering column and shaft of a steering column wear out and begin люфтить that leads to controllability deterioration by the car. In this case it is necessary to replace above-mentioned details, they cannot be repaired.
Before to start to work with steering system, always check tires (see. The section the General information on wheels and tires) and pressure in tires (see. Head Routine maintenance of the car). Also check bearings in the top support of racks of a suspension bracket (see. The section Removal and installation of assembly of a rack of a forward suspension bracket), bearings of forward naves (see. The section Removal and installation of assembly of a forward nave and the bearing) and other details of a suspension bracket which too can influence controllability of the car.